Space in Crisis

bootleg-urban-chinaweb

Space in Crisis

Fragmentos de un texto de Mark Wigley  para la Bootleg Edition  de Volume

Crises are ultimately productive. They force invention. Breakdowns incubate breakthroughs. Radical destruction gives way to new forms of production. Since the nineteenth century, theorists have often portrayed crisis as a primary agent of forward progress in all aspects of individual and collective life, most famously in Marx’s concept of a series of inevitable crises in the market culminating in a ‘general crisis’ that forces radical change in the whole the socio-economic system. The original meaning of the word ‘crisis’ is medical, derived from the Greek word krisis, for decision, coming from krinen, to draw a line, to separate. Crisis is not a particular condition of the body. It is the moment that a doctor decides that the patient is at the crucial turning point of either recovering or dying. It is usually preceded by a whole chain of events that are only retroactively understood as warning signs. Crisis is something that is announced at a certain moment. In fact, the announcement always comes late. Things are already right on the edge of collapse. The story of a crisis only starts to be told halfway through. In the end, it is all about a narrative. Declaring a crisis is declaring that the limit of a problem is not clear, and that a radical intervention needs to be done in the hope of reestablishing limits. To declare a crisis is to declare that design is needed, and the resulting design usually becomes permanent.

“Las Crisis son en ultima instancia productivas. Fuerzan la invención. Los fracasos incuban el progreso. La destrucción radical permite nuevas formas de producción. Desde el siglo XIX, los teóricos han descrito las crisis como un agente primario del progreso en todos los aspectos de la vida individual y colectiva.”… “Una Crisis es algo que se anuncia en un determinado momento. De hecho, el anuncio siempre llega tarde. Las cosas están ya al límite del colapso. La historia de una crisis solo empieza a ser contada a mitad del camino. Al final, todo es cuestión de narrativa. Declarar una crisis es declarar que el limite de un problema no esta claro, y es necesaria una intervención radical con la esperanza de reestablecer los limites. Declarar una crisis es declarar que el diseño es necesario, y el diseño resultante generalmente se hace permanente.”

Architectural design is the child of crisis but the field devotes itself to removing the sense of crisis. Even the word ‘crisis’ that appears so often in other fields is rare in architectural discourse. There can be emergency architects and emergency architecture but there cannot be a crisis architect or crisis architecture. Yet architecture is precisely the effect of crisis. If each crisis acts as an urgent demand for new forms, it could be that every part of the built environment has been shaped by prior crises (medical, economic, military, seismic, social, etc). Our everyday world has been shaped by earlier traumas, and silently carries all their traces. Emergencies modify existing architecture, through the adoption of new regulations and technologies in response to cultural norms about risk, but crises produce whole new architectures. The image of safety and security that architecture offers is forged in moments of maximum instability and insecurity. Perhaps architecture is simply the name for that which turns what once would have produced crisis into the source of a contained emergency. It is retroactive crisis management, yet is ultimately destined to fail since all crises are first and foremost architectural crises that force new designs. When things spin out of control, architecture, the image of control, spins out. In this sense, crisis could not be more architectural, or less. The field of architecture is devoted to suppressing a sense of crisis but is propelled by the very thing it represses. As the art of limits, architecture is always in a dialectic with crisis. The most crucial insights into the evolutions, complications, and responsibilities of the field can be found within the most traumatic scenes. To simply face the spaces of crisis, as in this bootleg of Urban China, is already to rethink our discipline.

“Incluso la palabra crisis, que aparece muy a menudo en otros campos, es muy difícil de encontrar en el discurso arquitectónico. Puede haber arquitectos de emergencia y arquitectura de emergencia, pero no puede haber arquitectos de crisis o arquitectura de crisis. Sin embargo, la arquitectura es precisamente un efecto de la crisis. Si cada crisis actúa como una demanda urgente de nuevas formas, puede ser que cada parte del entorno construido haya sido formado por crisis previas (medicas, económicas, militares, sociales, etc.)

“… “Las emergencias modifican la arquitectura existente a través de la adopción de nuevas regulaciones y tecnologías, en respuesta al riesgo. Pero las crisis producen arquitecturas completamente nuevas.”… “El campo de la arquitectura se dedica a contener el sentido de la crisis, pero esta propulsado por lo que ella misma reprime. Como arte de los limites, la arquitectura esta en constante dialogo con la crisis”


El Bootleg Edition Urban China es la “edición pirata de VOLUME.

Urban China es un texto multidimensional que combina ediciones profundas, narración simple, discurso oficial formal e interpretación popular.

El C-Lab, el Laboratorio para la difusión de la arquitectectura de Columbia (Laboratory for Architectural Broadcasting), es una unidad de investigación experimental dedicada al desarrollo de nuevas formas de comunicación en arquitectura que estáconfigurado com un laboratorio de ideas y acciones (think and action tank) semi-autónomo de la escuela de arquitectura,  planeamiento y  preservación en la Universidad de Colombia.

Y por último, Mark Wigley es un arquitecto neozelandés que desde 2004 es el decano de  la Columbia University’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation en New York, EE.UU.

Anuncios

Responder

Introduce tus datos o haz clic en un icono para iniciar sesión:

Logo de WordPress.com

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de WordPress.com. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Imagen de Twitter

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Twitter. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Foto de Facebook

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Facebook. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Google+ photo

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Google+. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Conectando a %s

A %d blogueros les gusta esto: